Virtual Power Plant (VPP) Comparison Table

Last Updated: 2nd May 2022

Discover details of various Virtual Power Plant (VPP) programs on offer in Australia with our regularly updated VPP comparison table. See which VPP might be best for your home or business.


Scroll within the table to see all the rows and columns and see notes below the table for further information. Any corrections, additions or feedback? Email us.

VPP ProviderSocial EnergyEnergy Australia "PowerResponse"Members EnergySimply Energy New Battery VPP OfferSimply Energy BYO Battery VPP OfferShineHubAGL "Bring Your Own Battery" SolarHub VPPQCells
Arcstream 100% Green
Tesla Energy Plan/Energy LocalsOrigin Virtual Power PlantPowerClub PowerbankPlico Energy VPPDiscover Energy VPPAusGrid "Power2U"SonnenFlat VPPSonnenConnectReposit "No bill"
Batteries approved for useDuracell "Energy Bank" or SolaX "Triple Power"Tesla Powerwall, AlphaESS, Redback, LG Chem with SolarEdge, or Bring Your Own BatteryEveready, Telsa Powerwall, Hive, AlphaESSTesla Powerwall 2Tesla Powerwall 2Alpha-ESSLG Chem RESU "HV" or Tesla Powerwall 2LG Chem RESU "HV", Tesla Powerwall, SolarEdge, SolaX Qcells Q HOMETesla Powerwall onlyLG Chem RESU (6.5, 10 LV) Sungrow HybridSonnen onlyPylontechAny battery that is compatible with Goodwe, Sungrow, SolarEdge, Huawei, Alpha-ESS hybrid, Q-Cells and Growatt invertersLG Chem, SolaX, BYD, Evergen: AlphaESS, Tesla sonnenBatterie Eco

sonnenBatterie Hybrid
sonnenBatterie Eco

sonnenBatterie Hybrid
SolaX Triple Power
VPP SubsidyNo battery subsidy - high feed-in tariff instead$200 credit for joining, flat $15 credit paid per 'grid event' (max 80 hours per year), monthly bill creditNo battery subsidy - uncapped feed-in rate for grid discharge events instead$2,000 upfront and $50 annual credit$1,500 over 5 years ($300 upfront + $240/year)$0.45c/kWh paid for electricity fed from battery into grid during VPP events (on top of retailer feed in tariff)$100 bill credit sign-on bonus. $45 bill credit per quarter. $3,500 or 50% of the battery price – whichever is lowest. No battery subsidy$1,000 Powerwall subsidy for new owners, $100 credit for existing owners. Additional 'grid support credits' earned through participationApprox. $3500 off RRP, plus $20/month credit for 5 year term$500 credit for first 20 membersCustomers sign up to a 10-year contract, paying $36.50 per week. In return, they get a 6.6kW solar system with 7.2kWh of Pylontech storage - can increase storage to 14kWh for $44 per weekNo battery subsidy - BYO batteryCustomers paid energy exported during each event. E.g. Evergen: $10/month + $1/kWh during grid event; Shinehub $0.45/kWh during dispatch, plus retailers’ FiT.Annual allowance of energy (min. 4000kWh) for total household consumption. BYO battery.$100 sign up bonus. Monthly bonus of up to $24.Guaranteed 'no bill' for 5 years.
Eligibility requirementsNSW, QLD, SA, TAS, ACT onlyRetailer must be Energy AustraliaRetailer must be Energy Locals· Retailer must be Simply Energy

· SA, VIC, NSW and QLD residents

· Customer must have min. 3kWp PV system

· Customer must have had their battery installed within 30 days of signing up, through a Simply Energy partner installer
· Retailer must be Simply Energy

· SA, VIC, NSW and QLD residents

· Customer must have min. 3kWp PV system
Residents of SA, VIC, NSW, and QLD.AGL customers in NSW, QLD, SA and VIC onlyMust live in specific council areas around ACT - see "more information" for details.Eastern Victoria and eastern Metropolitan suburbsResidents of South Australia, Victoria, New South Wales, South East Queensland (Energex Network) and the Australian Capital Territory. PV system less than 15kW and no zero export restrictions in place.>5kW solar capacity, live within 50km of Sydney Central Business District (CBD), Melbourne CBD , Brisbane CBD or Gold Coast metro>6kW solar capacity, 20kWh Sonnenbatterie, PowerClub retailerWA residents only - east coast planned for AprilNSW, VIC, ACT, SE QLD or SA residents onlyCustomers with battery systems who select Reposit Power, Evergen or ShineHub & connected to Ausgrid>3kW solar capacity & min 4kWh SonnenBatterieACT, NSW, QLD, SA, TAS or VIC residents.Currently spend < $3500/a on electricity; Have no existing solar panels or batteries installed; If in VIC, be eligible for the Solar Victoria battery subsidy; Must purchase a solar + battery system from Reposit.
Number of places in programUncappedTBDUncappedUncappedUncappedUncappedTBD650TBDUp to 50,000 planned650 (50 remaining as of June 2021)TBDUncappedUncappedUnlimitedUncappedUncappedTBD
Feed-in/usage tariffs offered40c per kWh for first 300 kWh per quarter (1200 kWh per year max) - after that, 'market rate' FiT paid based on state. Usage tariff also varies based on state - see 'more information'Standard feed-in tariffs for regular discharge, flat $15 credit paid per 'grid event'Minimum feed-in varies based on state, between 6c-10c, as does usage tariff - see 'more information'Standard feed-in tariffsStandard feed-in tariffs$0.45c/kWh paid for electricity fed from battery into grid (on top of retailer feed in tariff)No VPP-specific tariffs offered - you simply use your existing plan with AGL.No VPP-specific tariffs offered Flat, fixed rate energy bills. Rate is dependent on energy plan tier level.TOU tariff - 31.13c peak, 21.99c off-peak, 16.5c solar sponge, 7.5c feed-in tariffNo VPP-specific tariffs offered - you simply use an existing plan offered by Origin. Battery discharge in VPP grid events providers participant with credit, defined in 3.3 here.29c usage tariff, 11.5c feed-in tariff.Standard Synergy tariffs NSW, ACT, SE QLD or SA:

First 3.28kwh exported per day: 30c/kWh

Next 3.28kwh exported per day: 18c/kWh

All remaining exports unlimited per day: 9c/kWh

50-50 profit sharing on trades managed by Discover Energy.


First 3.28kwh exported per day: 20c/kWh

Next 3.28kwh exported per day: 15c/kWh

All remaining exports unlimited per day: 6.7c/kWh

50-50 profit sharing on trades managed by Discover Energy.
Dependant on the customers selected retailerFeed in is credited once the customer exports beyond the Export Threshold of their plan. FIT varies per distribution network. In Ausgrid, feed in is 8c/kWh with Export Threshold of 1,210kWh for sonnenFlat Economy.Dependant on the customers selected retailerSimilar to a PPA - customer buys system outright and Reposit guarantees no bills.
Minimum energy storage capacity reserved for homeownerNo minimum reserved for the household.20% battery capacity reserved for the homeowner20% battery capacity reserved for the homeowner20% capacity20% capacity10% battery capacity reserved for the homeownerPowerwall: 20% capacity. LG Chem RESU: Varies based on inverter settingsNo minimum reserved for the household.No minimum reserved for the household.20% battery energy reserved for use by homeowner; max 50 discharge cycles per yearOrigin reserves the right to discharge entire battery, but may "preserve the capacity in the Battery so that it can be used for your consumption at times
determined by us."
TBD15% battery capacity is held in reserve for the homeowner.No minimum reserved for the household. From time to time, Discover Energy may discharge the battery around 80%-90% of capacity to support the grid, according to maximum depth of discharge determined by the inverter brand.Not specified
No minimum reserved for the household.sonnen does not access energy reserved by the sonnenBatterie.TBD
Contract term lengthNone3 yearsNoneOngoingOngoingNone12 monthsNoneNone12 months minimum5 years2 years10 yearsNoneNot specified
No minimum term.1 year5 years
Contract cancellation fee$0$0$0$0 (clawback applicable on the $2,000 credit, pro rata over 5 years)$0$0$0$0$0$100 x months remaining from initial 12$5,500 if terminated in 1st year, steps down by $1,100 each year until $0 at year 5.TBD$12,500 in year 1, reduces annually until $0 at year 10$0Not specified
No cancellation fee.No cancellation fee.No cancellation fee.
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We plan to update this comparison table frequently as more VPP programs become available, and details of existing offers change.

Please note that while we do our best to ensure the information provided is up to date and accurate, you should always confirm details with the Virtual Power Plant provider you are considering signing up with before entering into any contract.

What Is A Virtual Power Plant?

In this scenario, a virtual power plant is a network of solar power and battery systems installed at homes and businesses. The systems are coordinated by a central control software system run by the VPP operator that taps into the stored energy of the batteries during periods of peak demand to supply the mains grid. You can learn more about Virtual Power Plants here.

Solar Batteries Approved For Use

VPP program participants have a limited choice of solar batteries available to them, compared to energy storage options currently available in Australia. This row lists the batteries available to the participants of a specific VPP.

VPP Subsidy

This can be thought of as the “discount” a solar household receives for choosing to participate in a VPP. Some VPP operators offer more than others, but all represent one of the cheapest ways to acquire a battery due to the discount over standard market prices.

VPP Eligibility Requirements

Each Virtual Power Plant has its own set of rules for homeowners looking to participate in the program. For example, the Tesla/SA Government VPP is currently restricted to SA Housing Trust tenants only. Others, like the Shinehub VPP, are less restrictive.

Number Of Places In Program

This is the scale of the Virtual Power Plant program. Some, such as the Shinehub VPP, are limited to 1,000 places. Others, like the Tesla VPP, are planned to eventually be opened to 50,000 homeowners.

Energy Plan Rates (Feed-in Tariff, Usage Tariff)

Different VPP’s offer different energy plans to participants in the program. The two most important tariffs to check (that is, what you pay/are paid for grid electricity imports/exports) are the feed-in tariff and the usage tariff.

Minimum Energy Storage Capacity For Homeowner

This is the percentage of the battery that is reserved for exclusive use by the homeowner. A core component of a VPP is the ability for a VPP operator to cycle a battery when it is needed, regardless of the homeowner’s current energy needs. This figure is important for understanding if your chosen Virtual Power Plant allows you to keep any of your battery’s capacity solely for your own needs (such as backup).

Contract Term Length

Exactly what it says on the tin – some VPP’s require the homeowner to enter into a contract, while others don’t.

Contract Cancellation Fee

If a Virtual Power Plant Operator requires the customer to enter into a contract, this is the fee that will need to be paid if the homeowner chooses to exit from the VPP program.

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