Virtual Power Plant (VPP) Comparison Table

Last Updated: 29th Dec 2021

Discover details of various Virtual Power Plant (VPP) programs on offer in Australia with our regularly updated VPP comparison table. See which VPP might be best for your home or business.


Scroll within the table to see all the rows and columns and see notes below the table for further information. Any corrections, additions or feedback? Email us.

VPP ProviderSocial EnergyEnergy Australia "PowerResponse"Members EnergySimply Energy VPPShineHubAGL "Bring Your Own Battery" SolarHub VPPTesla Energy Plan/Energy LocalsOrigin Virtual Power PlantPowerClub PowerbankPlico Energy VPPDiscover Energy VPPAusGrid "Power2U"SonnenFlat VPPSonnenConnectReposit "No bill"
Batteries approved for useDuracell "Energy Bank" or SolaX "Triple Power"Tesla Powerwall, Redback ("Bring Your Own Battery")Eveready, Telsa Powerwall, Hive, AlphaESSTesla Powerwall 2Alpha-ESSLG Chem RESU "HV" or Tesla Powerwall 2LG Chem RESU "HV", Tesla Powerwall, SolarEdge, SolaX Tesla Powerwall onlyLG Chem RESU (6.5, 10, 13 LV) and LG Chem 9.8 HVSonnen only for nowPylontechAny battery that is compatible with Goodwe, Sungrow, SolarEdge, Huawei or Alpha-ESS hybrid invertersLG Chem, SolaX, BYD
sonnenBatterie Eco

sonnenBatterie Hybrid
sonnenBatterie Eco

sonnenBatterie Hybrid
SolaX Triple Power
VPP SubsidyNo battery subsidy - high feed-in tariff instead$200 credit for joining, flat $20 credit paid per 'grid event' (max 20 grid events per year)No battery subsidy - uncapped feed-in rate for grid discharge events instead$580 over two years ($100 sign up bonus and $20/month for 2 years)$2,000 battery subsidy (in SA only)$1,000 off the cost of a battery. $100 bill credit sign-on bonus. $45 bill credit per quarter. $3,500 or 50% of the battery price – whichever is lowest. $2,000 Powerwall subsidy, $220 per year in 'grid support credits'Approx. $4800 off RRP, plus $20/month credit for 5 year term$500 credit for first 20 membersCustomers sign up to a 10-year contract, paying $36.50 per week. In return, they get a 6.6kW solar system with 7.2kWh of Pylontech storage - can increase storage to 14kWh for $44 per weekNo battery subsidy - BYO batteryHow much customers earn will depend upon the size of their battery system and the number of network dispatch events they participate in. Customers are paid per kWh of energy exported during each dispatch event. A customer with a 10 kWh battery taking part in 10-15 dispatch events could earn about $90-135.Annual allowance of energy (min. 4000kWh) for total household consumption. BYO battery.$100 sign up bonus. Monthly bonus of up to $24.Guaranteed 'no bill' for 5 years.
Eligibility requirementsNSW, QLD, SA, TAS, ACT onlyRetailer must be Energy AustraliaRetailer must be Energy LocalsRetailer must be Simply Energy.
SA, VIC, NSW and QLD residents only.
Customer must have at least 3kW solar system.
SA and VIC residents onlyAGL customers in NSW, QLD, SA and VIC onlyMust live in specific council areas around ACT - see "more information" for details.Must be a South Australian or Victorian residentMust be a Victorian resident with at least 5kW solar capacityMust be a South Australian resident with at least 6kW of solar, and a 10kWh SonnenbatterieWA residents only - east coast planned for AprilNSW, VIC, ACT, SE QLD or SA residents only Customers with battery systems who select Reposit Power, Evergen or ShineHub as their demand response provider and have a battery that is connected to Ausgrid’s network can join Ausgrid’s VPPCustomer must have min. 3kWp PV and 4kWh sonnenBatterie installed, and be located in the NEM.ACT, NSW, QLD, SA, TAS or VIC residentsResidents of ACT, VIC or NSW.

Currently spend less than $3500/year on electricity; and
Have no existing solar panels or batteries installed; and

If in VIC, be eligible for the Solar Victoria battery subsidy

Must purchase a solar + battery system from Reposit.
Number of places in programUncappedTBDUncappedUncapped1,000TBD650Up to 50,000 planned650 (50 remaining as of June 2021)TBDUncappedUncappedUnlimitedUncappedUncappedTBD
Feed-in/usage tariffs offered40c per kWh for first 300 kWh per quarter (1200 kWh per year max) - after that, 'market rate' FiT paid based on state. Usage tariff also varies based on state - see 'more information'Standard feed-in tariffs for regular discharge, flat $20 credit paid per 'grid event'Minimum feed-in varies based on state, between 6c-10c, as does usage tariff - see 'more information'Standard feed-in tariffsFeed-in tariff depends on your retailer. $0.45c/kWh paid for electricity fed from battery into grid (on top of retailer feed in tariff)No VPP-specific tariffs offered - you simply use your existing plan with AGL.No VPP-specific tariffs offered TOU tariff - 31.13c peak, 21.99c off-peak, 16.5c solar sponge, 7.5c feed-in tariffNo VPP-specific tariffs offered - you simply use an existing plan offered by Origin. Battery discharge in VPP grid events providers participant with credit, defined in 3.3 here.29c usage tariff, 11.5c feed-in tariff.Standard Synergy tariffs NSW, ACT, SE QLD or SA:

First 300 kWh/quarter: 45c/kWh. Next 300kWh/quarter: 25c/kWh. 9c/kWh for all after that. 50-50 profit sharing on trades managed by Discover Energy.


First 300 kWh/quarter: 20c/kWh. Next 300kWh/quarter: 15c/kWh. 10.2c/kWh for all after that. 50-50 profit sharing on trades managed by Discover Energy.
Dependant on the customers selected retailerFeed in is credited once the customer exports beyond the Export Threshold of their plan. FIT varies per distribution network. In Ausgrid, feed in is 8c/kWh with Export Threshold of 1,210kWh for sonnenFlat Economy.Dependant on the customers selected retailerSimilar to a PPA - customer buys system outright and Reposit guarantees no bills.
Minimum energy storage capacity reserved for homeownerNo minimum reserved for the household.20% battery capacity reserved for the homeowner20% battery capacity reserved for the homeowner20% capacity10% battery capacity reserved for the homeownerPowerwall: 20% capacity. LG Chem RESU: Varies based on inverter settingsNo minimum reserved for the household.20% battery energy reserved for use by homeowner; max 50 discharge cycles per yearOrigin reserves the right to discharge entire battery, but may "preserve the capacity in the Battery so that it can be used for your consumption at times
determined by us."
TBD15% battery capacity is held in reserve for the homeowner.No minimum reserved for the household. From time to time, Discover Energy may discharge the battery around 80%-90% of capacity to support the grid, according to maximum depth of discharge determined by the inverter brand.Not specified
No minimum reserved for the household.sonnen does not access energy reserved by the sonnenBatterie.TBD
Contract term lengthNone3 yearsNoneOngoingNone12 monthsNone12 months minimum5 years2 years10 yearsNoneNot specified
No minimum term.1 year5 years
Contract cancellation fee$0$0$0$0$0$0$0$100 x months remaining from initial 12$5,500 if terminated in 1st year, steps down by $1,100 each year until $0 at year 5.TBD$12,500 in year 1, reduces annually until $0 at year 10$0Not specified
No cancellation fee.No cancellation fee.No cancellation fee.
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We plan to update this comparison table frequently as more VPP programs become available, and details of existing offers change.

Please note that while we do our best to ensure the information provided is up to date and accurate, you should always confirm details with the Virtual Power Plant provider you are considering signing up with before entering into any contract.

What Is A Virtual Power Plant?

In this scenario, a virtual power plant is a network of solar power and battery systems installed at homes and businesses. The systems are coordinated by a central control software system run by the VPP operator that taps into the stored energy of the batteries during periods of peak demand to supply the mains grid. You can learn more about Virtual Power Plants here.

Solar Batteries Approved For Use

VPP program participants have a limited choice of solar batteries available to them, compared to energy storage options currently available in Australia. This row lists the batteries available to the participants of a specific VPP.

VPP Subsidy

This can be thought of as the “discount” a solar household receives for choosing to participate in a VPP. Some VPP operators offer more than others, but all represent one of the cheapest ways to acquire a battery due to the discount over standard market prices.

VPP Eligibility Requirements

Each Virtual Power Plant has its own set of rules for homeowners looking to participate in the program. For example, the Tesla/SA Government VPP is currently restricted to SA Housing Trust tenants only. Others, like the Shinehub VPP, are less restrictive.

Number Of Places In Program

This is the scale of the Virtual Power Plant program. Some, such as the Shinehub VPP, are limited to 1,000 places. Others, like the Tesla VPP, are planned to eventually be opened to 50,000 homeowners.

Energy Plan Rates (Feed-in Tariff, Usage Tariff)

Different VPP’s offer different energy plans to participants in the program. The two most important tariffs to check (that is, what you pay/are paid for grid electricity imports/exports) are the feed-in tariff and the usage tariff.

Minimum Energy Storage Capacity For Homeowner

This is the percentage of the battery that is reserved for exclusive use by the homeowner. A core component of a VPP is the ability for a VPP operator to cycle a battery when it is needed, regardless of the homeowner’s current energy needs. This figure is important for understanding if your chosen Virtual Power Plant allows you to keep any of your battery’s capacity solely for your own needs (such as backup).

Contract Term Length

Exactly what it says on the tin – some VPP’s require the homeowner to enter into a contract, while others don’t.

Contract Cancellation Fee

If a Virtual Power Plant Operator requires the customer to enter into a contract, this is the fee that will need to be paid if the homeowner chooses to exit from the VPP program.

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