Virtual Power Plant (VPP) Comparison Table

Last Updated: 31st Aug 2020

Learn the details of various Virtual Power Plant (VPP) programs on offer in Australia with our regularly updated VPP comparison table. See which VPP might be best for your home or business.


Scroll within the table to see all the rows and columns and see notes below the table for further information. Any corrections, additions or feedback? Email us.

VPP ProviderSimply Energy SA VPPEnergy Locals/Tesla/SA GovernmentShineHub/PowerShop "Charge Force"AGL "Bring Your Own Battery" Tesla Energy PlanOrigin Virtual Power PlantPowerClub VPP PilotPlico Energy VPPDiscover Energy VPPAusGrid "Power2U"SonnenFlat VPP
Currently available?YesNo - VPP fully subscribed phase 1 & 2 - phase 3 in the worksYesYesYesYesYesYesYesYesYes
Batteries approved for useTesla Powerwall, Varta Pulse 6, Eguana Evolve, LG Chem RESU, SonnenBatterieTesla Powerwall onlyAlpha-ESSLG Chem RESU "HV" or Tesla Powerwall 2Tesla Powerwall onlyBYD B-Box HVSonnen only for nowPylontechAny battery that is compatible with Goodwe, Sungrow, SolarEdge or Alpha-ESS hybrid invertersLG Chem, SolaX, BYD
sonnenBatterie Eco

sonnenBatterie Hybrid
VPP Subsidy$5,100 subsidy, paid at $7 per day (credit on bill)Battery/solar installed free of charge for approved participants$2,000 battery subsidy (in SA only)$1,000 off the cost of a battery. $100 bill credit sign-on bonus. $45 bill credit per quarter.Powerwall for $3,499, installation extra ($2-3k)6.4kWh B-Box battery plus SMA SunnyBoy inverter for $4,790. Minimum $300 bill credit in first year.$500 credit for first 20 membersCustomers sign up to a 10-year contract, paying $36.50 per week. In return, they get a 6.6kW solar system with 7.2kWh of Pylontech storage - can increase storage to 14kWh for $44 per weekNo battery subsidy - BYO batteryHow much customers earn will depend upon the size of their battery system and the number of network dispatch events they participate in. Customers are paid per kWh of energy exported during each dispatch event. A customer with a 10 kWh battery taking part in 10-15 dispatch events could earn about $90-135.Annual allowance of energy (min. 4000kWh) for total household consumption. BYO battery.
Eligibility requirementsOwn your own home, need fixed line NBN, smart meter, 3kW solar system minimum needed, must be installed by an installer approved by Simply EnergyPhase 1 & 2 for SA Housing Trust tenants onlySA and VIC residents only, must sign up as a Powershop customer on their "Charge Force" planAGL customers in NSW, QLD, SA and VIC onlyMust be a South Australian residentMust be a Victorian resident with at least 5kW solar capacityMust be a South Australian resident with at least 6kW of solar, and a 10kWh SonnenbatterieWA residents only - east coast planned for AprilNSW, SE QLD or SA residents only Customers with battery systems who select Reposit Power, Evergen or ShineHub as their demand response provider and have a battery that is connected to Ausgrid’s network can join Ausgrid’s VPPCustomer must have min. 3kWp PV and 4kWh sonnenBatterie installed, and be located in the NEM.
Number of places in program1,2001,100 for Phase 1/2 - Phase 3 up to 49,000 (See Tesla Energy plan)1,000TBDUp to 50,000 planned500TBDUncappedUncappedUnlimitedUncapped
Feed-in/usage tariffs offered$0.15c feed in tariff, $0.36/kWh usage tariffNo feed-in offered. 31.13c/kWh usage rate$0.10c feed in tariff, 33c/kWh flat rate. Bonus credits of between $0.379/kWh to $7.07/kWh depending on grid eventsNo VPP-specific tariffs offered - you simply use your existing plan with AGL.31.13c/kWh usage tariff, 10c/kWh feed-in tariff plus 19.8c/kWh "grid charging credit" when battery is discharged in times of grid demand, no daily supply chargeNo VPP-specific tariffs offered - you simply use an existing plan offered by Origin. Battery discharge in VPP grid events providers participant with credit, defined in 3.3 here.29c usage tariff, 11.5c feed-in tariff.Standard Synergy tariffs 25c/kWh feed in tariff plus 50-50 profit sharing on trades managed by Discover Energy.Dependant on the customers selected retailerFeed in is credited once the customer exports beyond the Export Threshold of their plan. FIT varies per distribution network. In Ausgrid, feed in is 8c/kWh with Export Threshold of 1,210kWh for sonnenFlat Economy.
Minimum energy storage capacity reserved for homeownerVaries based on the battery usedNo minimum reserved for the household. From time to time, Tesla may discharge the battery in full to support the grid.10% battery capacity reserved for the homeownerPowerwall: 20% capacity. LG Chem RESU: Varies based on inverter settingsUp to 20% battery capacity can be reserved for use by the homeownerOrigin reserves the right to discharge entire battery, but may "preserve the capacity in the Battery so that it can be used for your consumption at times
determined by us."
TBD15% battery capacity is held in reserve for the homeowner.No minimum reserved for the household. From time to time, Discover Energy may discharge the battery in full to support the grid.Not specified
No minimum reserved for the household.
Contract term length3 years NoneNone12 months12 months minimum5 years2 years10 yearsNoneNot specified
No minimum term.
Contract cancellation fee$0$0$0$0$100 x months remaining from initial 12$5,500 if terminated in 1st year, steps down by $1,100 each year until $0 at year 5.TBD$12,500 in year 1, reduces annually until $0 at year 10$0Not specified
No cancellation fee.
More informationHerehereHereHereHereHereHereHereHereHereHere

We plan to update this comparison table frequently as more VPP programs become available, and details of existing offers change.

Please note that while we do our best to ensure the information provided is up to date and accurate, you should always confirm details with the VPP provider you are planning on signing up with.

What Is A Virtual Power Plant?

In this scenario, a virtual power plant is a network of solar power and battery systems installed at homes and businesses. The systems are coordinated by a central control software system run by the VPP operator that taps into the stored energy of the batteries during periods of peak demand to supply the mains grid.

Solar Batteries Approved For Use

VPP program participants have a limited choice of solar batteries available to them, compared to energy storage options currently available in Australia. This row lists the batteries available to the participants of a specific VPP.

VPP Subsidy

This can be thought of as the “discount” a solar household receives for choosing to participate in a VPP. Some offer more than others, but all represent one of the cheapest ways to acquire a battery due to the discount over standard market prices.

Eligibility Requirements

Each VPP has its own set of rules for homeowners looking to participate in the program. For example, the Tesla/SA Government VPP is currently restricted to SA Housing Trust tenants only. Others, like the Shinehub VPP, are less restrictive.

Number Of Places In Program

This is the scale of the VPP program. Some, such as the Shinehub VPP, are limited to 1,000 places. Others, like the Tesla VPP, are planned to eventually be opened to 50,000 homeowners.

Energy Plan Rates (Feed-in Tariff, Usage Tariff)

Different VPP’s offer different energy plans to participants in the program. The two most important tariffs to check (that is, what you pay/are paid for grid electricity imports/exports) are the feed-in tariff and the usage tariff.

Minimum Energy Storage Capacity For Homeowner

This is the percentage of the battery that is reserved for exclusive use by the homeowner. A core component of a VPP is the ability for a VPP operator to cycle a battery when it is needed, regardless of the homeowner’s current energy needs. This figure is important for understanding if your chosen VPP allows you to keep any of your battery’s capacity solely for your own needs (such as backup).

Contract Term Length

Exactly what it says on the tin – some VPP’s require the homeowner to enter into a contract, while others don’t.

Contract Cancellation Fee

If a Virtual Power Plant Operator requires the customer to enter into a contract, this is the fee that will need to be paid if the homeowner chooses to exit from the program.

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